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ስኬታማለሆነኑሮተግባራዊየሆነየህይወትልምድያስፈልጋልበተለይምበርካታችግሮችንያሳለፈሰውችግሮችአስቀድመውሊፈጠሩሲሉአስቀድሞማየትይችላልበአለምላይአይሁዳውያንበርካታችግሮችንአሳልፈዋልከትምህርትናበማንበብእውቀትንከመሰብሰብውጪአንድሰውበህይወትውስጥተሳታፊናበመሆንየህይወትልምድንሊቀስምይችላልብዙጊዜሰዎችአንድንነገርከላይየሚያዩትንነገርእውነትአድርገውነውእሚቀበሉትሆኖምግንወደውስጥሲገባናከላይሲታይየተለያየመሆኑንአይረዱም

አለማወቅራሱሰዎችደስተኛሆነውእንዲኖሩየሚያስችልነገርሲሆንከተማሩሰዎችይልቅያልተማሩሰዎችደስተኛሆነውእሚገኙበትጊዜአለእውቀትብዙውንጊዜትስስርንስለሚፈጥርየሰዎችንደስታይቀንሳል

በማንኛውምማህበረሰብውስጥያሉልሂቃንየሚባለውየህብረተሰብክፍልየሚሆኑትሰዎችለመምራትየሚያስፈልገውንእውቀትንየሰበሰቡናተግባርላይየሚያውሉናቸውብዙሀኑህብረተሰብክፍልይህንንእውቀትሊያሰባስብሳይችልሲቀርጥቂቶችግንየሄንማድረግየቻሉግንበማህበረሱላይከፍያለቦታንይይዛሉ

የሰውልጅጥረትለራሱያለውንየእኔነትስሜት(Ego)ማርካትነውሰዎችትልቅስልጣንንብዙሀብትንበማግኘትወይምባለቤትበመሆንራሳቸውንትልቅበሚሉትቦታበማዋልለራሳቸውያላቸውንአመለካከትለማርካትናስሜታቸውንለማስደሰትይመጥራሉነገርግንእነኚህሁሉነገሮችበጊዜሲያልፉወይምባልተጠበቀሁኔታበነውሲጠፉሊያዩምይችላሉሰዎችብዙውንግዜበጣምሲቆለማመጡ(Flatter)ሲደረጉይቀበላሉይህምላላቸውቦታሌሎችሰዎችእንዲቀበሏቸውከመፈለጋቸውየተሳብዙውንግዜበስልጣንናበሀብትያሉሰዎችይህንንይፈልጉታልለዚህምምክንያቱየሌሎችሰዎችንተቀባይነትንለማግኘትካላቸውጉጉትናፍላጎትየተነሳነው

አንዳንዴሲታሰብማንኛውምነገርበሚያልፍበትናበሚረሳበትአለምለነገሮችያንያህልክብደትመስጠትአስፈላጊአይደለምያስብላልለምሳሌዛሬበጣምትልቅቦታንየምንሰጠውነገርነገከነገወዲያየሚረሳናብሎምየሚወገዝሁሉሊሆንይችላልዛሬእውነትነውትክክልነውየምንለውነገትንሽቆይቶደግሞውሸትነውሊባልይችላልብዙሰዎችግንዛሬእውነትነውትክክልነውለሚሉትነገርሊሞቱለትናለገድሉለትዝግጁዎችናቸውይሁንእንጂነገርፍፁምትክክልስለመሆኑበበቂየሚያውቁትነገርየለም፣ወይምዛሬትክክልነውቢባልምነገከነገወዲያጥፋትሆኖሊገኝይችላልበሰውልጅታሪክውስጥበተደጋጋሚየታየሀቅሲሆንስፒኖዛ  የተባለውታላቁየሆላንድፈላስፋበተደጋጋሚየሚጠቀስለትአባባልእንዳለው «እውነትየራሷምየሀሰትምማስረጃ  ነች» ብሏል

አንዳንድሰዎችበተቋምደረጃሊሆኑይችላሉበራሳቸውበችሎታቸውበስብእናቸውእናበአቅማቸውእንደአንድተቋምሊቆጠሩየሚችሉሰዎችአሉበአብዛኛውሰዎችቁሳዊነገርንበመፍጠርበኩልነውየህይወታችንንአብዛኛውንዘመንየምናሳልፈውማለትይቻላልየአብዛኛውሰዎችጥረትምበዚሁዘርፍሲሆን  ነገርግንቁሳዊነገርንከመፍጠርአልፈውለሰውልጅብርሀንንየቀደዱለሌላውብርሀንየሆኑሰዎችበመቶዎችከሚቆጠሩአመታትውስጥበጣትየሚቆጠሩየዛአይነትሰዎችናቸውየሚገኙትቢባልማጋነንአይሆንም

ማንኛውምበተፈጥሮሲሆንበሰዎችየተፈጠረነገርበሰዎችበቀላሉሊፈርስይችላልለምሳሌሀገርንብንወስድበሰዎችየተፈጠረነገርሲሆንተፈጥሮአህጉራትንሲፈጥርሰዎችደግሞአህጉሩንተከፋፍለውከዚህእስከዚህድረስያንተከዚህመልስየኔብለውነውሀገርየምንለውነገርየተፈጠረውስለዚህይሁንእንጂሀገርማለትደግሞየዛሀገርዜጎችየመኖርህልውናመሆኑደግሞእማይዘነጋእውነታነውበአለምላይሀገርየሌላቸውሰዎችምንያህልእንደሚሰቃዩሁላችንምየምናውቀውሲሆንያለሀገርየአንድሰውህልውናአይታሰብምይሁንእንጂሀገርንላፍርስብሎአንድሰውቢነሳደግሞሊያደርግየሚችለውጉዳትቀላልአይሆንምሀሳቡባይሳካምእንኳን

ፍልስፍናበሁለትዋናዋናአቅጣጫዎችሊታይይችላልበአንድበኩልተቋማትንመንግስትንሀይማኖትንከቤተሰብጀምሮያሉተቋማትንበመገንባትናበእነዛተቋማትአማካይነትየሰውልጅእዚህደረጃደርሷልነገርበግንእነዚህተቋማትባይኖሩኖሮየሰውልጅስልጣኔ፣የቴልክኖሎጂግስጋሴናእመርታእዚህደረጃላይመድረስአይችልምየነበረሲሆንበእርግጥአንዳንድሰዎችከፍተኛእውቀትናክህሎትያላቸውሰዎችበየትኛውምትውልድናሀገርውስጥይገኛሉነገርግንእውቀትንለማሰባሰብአዳዲስነገሮቸንለመፍጠርሰዎችበጋራየሚያደርጉትእንቅስቃሴየተሻለውጤትንይሰጣልአንዱአይነትአካሄድአለምንእንደዚህነችብሎመግለፅናበሌላበኩልደግሞአለምእንደዚህመምሰልአለባትወይንምእንደዚህመሆንአለባትየሚልነውለምሳሌ ፕሌቶ «የኔማስወታወሻበመጪዎቹትውልዶችውስጥየሚኖረኝየባለውለታነትሰሜትነው»ብሏል

(ዮሴፍቢ፤የኢትዮጵያናየአፍሪካፈላስፋዎች፣2001..) በፃፈው መፅሀፍ ላይ እንዲህ ብሏል ፡-
መፈላሰፍ፡ሁለንተናዊተሞክሮ ያምሆነይህእኔየምለውየአንድሕዝብፍልስፍናያንንፍልስፍናከሚያቀነቅኑትየከፍተኛትምህርትተቋምተመራማሪዎችጋርጥቂትወይምምንምዓይነትግንኙነትየለውምነው፡፡መፈላሰፍሁለንተናዊወይምዓለምአቀፋዊተሞክሮነው፡፡እያንዳንዱባህልየራሱየሆነአመለካከትአለው፡፡የፍልስፍናታሪክካጠናችሁየምትገነዘቡትነገርቢኖርየፍልስፍናንትርጉምበተመለከተምንምዓይነትስምምነትእንደሌለነው፡፡አንዳንዶቹፍልስፍናየእውቀትፍቅርነውይላሉ፡፡ሌሎችደግሞእውነትንመፈለግነውይላሉ፡፡የተቀሩትደግሞየመደነቅስሜትነውይላሉ፡፡በአጠቃላይፍልስፍናንበተመለከተየተደረሰበትስምምነትቢኖርበዙርያችንባለውዓለምውስጥበተለያዩክስተቶችአንፃርሥርዓትንለማስፈንመሞከሩነው፡፡እነዚህየተለያዩክስተቶችምንድናቸው? ነገሮች፣ድርጊቶች፣ክንዋኔዎች፣ልንረዳውየምንችለውዓለም፣ሥነምግባራዊዓለምእንዲሁምሜታፊዚካዊውዓለምናቸው፡፡

ፍልስፍናስለሰውየሚያወራእንደመሆኑየሰውንልጅስነልቦናንማወቅለፍልስፍናመሰረትነውቢባልማጋነንአይሆንምየፍልስፍናዋናአላማውምንድነውቢባልከላይእንደተጠቀሰውስርአትንማስፈንነውይህንንምስነምግባርንበማስረፅይሆናልሀሳዊፍልስፍና (Pseudo-Philosophy) በመባልየሚታወቅፍልስፍናምአለነገርግንይሄፍልስፍናሃሳዊበመሆኑብዙምአያዛልቅም።ዋናውየፍልስፍናአላማሰዎችንበሰለማዊናፍትሀዊበሆነህብረተሰብውስጥእንዲኖሩማስቻልነውለምሳሌታላላቅሀይማኖቶችንብንወስድዋናውአላማቸውየሰውልጅእርስበእርሱእንዳይበጣበጥፍትህእንዳይዛባበማድረግላይየተመሰረተነውይሄምፍትህባይኖርሰላምባይሰፍንሊደርስየሚችለውንጉዳትውድመትጦርነትንበመፍራትናከመምጣቱበፊትለማስቀረትነው

የፍልስፍናመሰረታዊጥያቄየሚባሉትውስጥአንዳንዶቹንብንጠቅስቁስአካልነውወይስመንፈስ(Idea)ነውእሚቀድመው? በዚህህዋውውስጥከሰውልጅሌላህይወትያለውህሊና(Conscious) ያለውፍጡርአለን? የህይወትትርጉምምንድነው ? ነፍስወይምመንፈስአለንካለስበምንመንገድነውያለው ? የሰውልጅለምንይሰቃያል? የመሳሰሉትመሰረታዊየፍልስፍናጥያቄዎችሲሆኑእስካሁንድረስምየሰውልጅባለውቴክኖሎጂናበደረሰበትሳይንስቁልጭያለመልስየተሰጠባቸውአይደሉምለምሳሌየአሜሪካውንየጠፈርምርምርተቋምናሳንብንወስድከአሜሪካግብርከፋዮችበሚሰበሰብገንዘብበርካታምርምሮችንበማድረግየሰውልጅስለጠፈርያለውንእውቀትአሳድጎታልቀድሞዝንባሌውናችሎታውያላቸውሰዎችቀደምትሳይንቶስቶችበመነሳትእንደእነጋሊሊዮኮፐርኒከስየመሳሰሉትበግላቸውምርምርን፣ጥረትናስራበርካታፈርቀዳጅስራዎችንአበርክተዋልነገርግንአሁንየሰውልጅከዛሬ5እና 4መቶአመታትየተሻለደረጃላይበመድረሱምክንያትእነኚህምርምሮችበተቋምደረጃእድገትማሳየትችሏልየሰውልጅስለእሚኖርበትጠፈርያለውንግንዛቤከፍበማድረግኑሮውንምበአንድእርምጃማራመድችሏል  

በፍልስፍናውስጥሁለትአይነትአስተሳሰቦችምንግዜምቢሆንትግልንሲያደርጉይኖራሉአንዱያለውንወቅታዊውንነባራዊሁኔታን (Status Quo) የሚደግፉእናእርሱእንዲቀጥልየሚፈልጉሲሆኑእነኚህምበአብዛኛውከዛስርአትውስጥተጠቃሚየሆኑናቸውእነኚህምየፖለቲካየሀይማኖትበተለያየየኢኮኖሚያዊአመራርላይያሉናቸውበእርግጥስርአቱምንአይነትስርአትነውየሚለውምራሱንየቻለጥያቄነውዲሞክራሲያዊ  በሆነአመራርውስጥቁንጮላይያሉሰዎችበምርጫሊቀያየሩናአዳዲስሰዎችየራሳቸውንአዳዲስአስተሳሰብይዘውሊመጡይችላሉበአንፃሩዲሞክራሲከሌለግንየተወሰኑትቁንጮነቱንይዘውአንለቅምሊሉናእንዲሁምየመሪነትህጋዊተቀባይነታቸውናብቃታቸውጥያቄውስጥስለሚገባበውጥረትየተሞላስርአትሊሆንይችላል

በሌላበኩልደግሞስርአቱእንዲቀየርናበመሰረታዊነትልዩነታቸውንየገለፁናቸውለዚህአይነተኛዋቢየሚሆኑትማርክስስፒኖዛኔቼየመሳሰሉትሲሆኑከእነሱውስጥምአንዳንዶቹየተሳካላቸውናቸውለምሳሌእንደሉተርቀዳማዊአይነቶቹሉተርጂኒየርምምንምእንኳንበዘመኑአስተሰሳቡስርነቀልቢሆንምውሎአድሮየተሳካላቸውምአሉለምሳሌሁለቱሉተሮችለዚህአይነተኛምሳሌዎችናቸው

ሌሎችየመንግስታትየሀይማኖትተቋማትንብንወስድደግሞተመሳሳይነውበተቃራኒውደግሞብንሄድእነኚህነገሮችባይኖሩኖሮእዚህደረጃላይመድረስባልተቻለምነበረ።

በፍልስፍናአለምውስጥበአንድበኩልሓሳዊፍልስፍና (Pseudo-Philosophy) ሲኖርይህምየእውነትመሰረትየሌለውእናሊሰራየማይችልፍልስፍናተብሎምሊጠራየማይችልነውበሌላበኩልደግሞሳብጀክቲቭየሆነየፍልስፍናአርዘርፍምአለይህዘርፍፍልስፍናሲሆንሊሰራየሚችልምነገርነውነገርግንየሚሰራውለተወሰኑቡድኖችልሂቃንወይንምከፍተኛየማሰብእናግንዛቤላላቸውሰዎችብቻይሆናልለዚህአይነተኛምሳሌየሚሆኑትአንራንድየተባለችውአሜሪካዊነትአይሁድፈላስፋየኒቼፍልስፍናእንዲሁምእንደሮበርትኪዮሳኪያሉበዘመናችንያሉፀሀፊዎችየጠቆሙት  ከዚህዘርፍየሚመደብነውለምሳሌአንራንድየሊበራሊዝምፍልስፍናመሰረትየሆኑበርካታሀሳቦችንየጠቆመችቢሆንምበዋናው «Mainstream» በሚሰኘውየፍልስፍናአስተምህሮዘውግውስጥግንአልተካተተም  የኒቼንም Super-Man ብንወስድሊሰራየሚችለውበዛደረጃላሉሰዎችብቻሲሆንለብዙሀኑማህበረሰብግንሊሳራሰራየማይችልነውበነገራችንካይላይይህንንፍልስፍናናዚዎችልክለብዙሀኑእንደተነገረአድርገውለፖለቲካአላማቸውተጠቅመውበታል፣ነገርግንበኒቼልእለሰብማለትማህበሰረብንወይንምአንድዘርንየሚወክልነገርአይደለምበነገራችንካይላይይህንንፍልስፍናናዚዎችልክለብዙሀኑእንደተነገረአድርገውለፖለቲካአላማቸውተጠቅመውበታልነገርግንበኒቼልእለሰብማለትማህበሰረብንወይንምአንድዘርንየሚወክልነገርአይደለምከዚያይልቅግንጥቂትላቅያለክህሎትወይምያላቸውንጥቂትልሂቃንንየሚወክልነው

እኔእኔንየሆንኩትባንተምክንያትነውየሚልታዋቂየደቡብአፍሪካውያንአባባልአለይህምየሰውመድሀኒቱሰውመነውከሚለውሀገርኛአባባልጋርተመሳሳይነውበብዙታላቅሀይማኖቶችምእምናገኘውወርቃማውህግማለትምበራስህላይእንዲሆንእማትፈልገውንበሌሎችላይአታድርግየሚነውአንራንድየራስወዳድነትፀጋዎችበሚልየሊበራሊዝምመሰረትየሆኑሀሳቦችንአንፀባርቃለች

ሁላችንምበመጀመሪያየምንኖረውለራሳችንሲሆንሌሎችንእንምንጠቅመውከዚያበኋላነው።አንድሰውማድረግየሚፈልገውንበራሱጊዜናሁኔታማድረግሲችልአላስፈላጊበሆነሁኔታሌሎችሰዎችንመጠበቅየለበትምጊዜእያለፈስለሚሄድማድረግየምንፈልገውንነገርበቅጡናበአግባቡናበጊዜውማድረግበጣምጠቃሚነውበተለይምለወደፊትህይወታችንጠቃሚየሆኑጉዳዮችላይይበልጥትኩረትንናጥረትንማድረግይጠበቅብናልሌላውንምእኮልንጠቅምየምንችለውመጀመሪያላይየራሳችንንህልውና(Survival)መጠበቅስንችልነው

 

አለምበአንድአፅናፈአለምአእምሮነውየምትመራውይህዪኒቨርስነገርግንውድድርንብንወስድመወዳደርማለትከአንዱውድቀትየአንዱስኬትነውየሚልፅንሰሀሳብየሚነሳነው 

 

 

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